当前位置:艺术出版 > 分类期刊 > 隈研吾:打造北京城市公共空间

lifestyle品味生活

出版检索

隈研吾:打造北京城市公共空间

14-11-11 03:24:23 来源:《lifestyle品味生活》11月刊 我要评两句

内容概要:

隈研吾:打造北京城市公共空间

Kengo Kuma: A Public Space for Beijing

Text: Nels Frye Photos: dbox

 

 


隈研吾是21世纪对传统建筑文化产生巨大影响的著名建筑师。1954年,隈研吾出生在日本横滨,1979年从东京大学毕业后便搬到纽约,就读于哥伦比亚大学,最终获得建筑学博士学位。1990年,他成立了自己的公司——隈研吾建筑都市设计事务所,目前在日本、法国和中国都设有办事处。作为世界知名建筑师,隈研吾获奖无数,比如日本建筑学会奖(1997年)和英国餐厅酒吧设计大奖之最佳国际空间奖(2012年)等。


身在北京的人几乎都知道你的作品。在这座城市,你可能是最有名的建筑设计师之一。你觉得这是为什么?


我觉得自己很幸运。长城脚下的“竹屋”是我在北京的第一个项目,它与本地的普通建筑差异极大。至于材料和设计,更与这里一般的建筑风格完全相反。之后,我又设计了三里屯的瑜舍酒店。酒店坐落于适合步行的广场之间,这也与北京常见的商业项目不同。北京的建筑通常不会利用到外部空间,但我们的设计主题恰好是要用好外部空间。这就是我们的与众不同之处吧。

三里屯是北京最有意思的地方之一,特别是南庭和瑜舍酒店很适合与朋友相聚,但在某种程度上这里也很让人费解,因为北京并不太适宜户外活动。


瑜舍酒店项目开始启动之前,委托人就告诉过我北京的犯罪率颇高,这里的冬天很冷、污染特别严重。不过我仍旧建议,即使在这样的条件下,作为一个21世纪的设计项目,瑜舍还是应该尽可能利用外部空间。这样的设计更为生态,也会为很多想在冬天走出户外的人提供一个闲逛的地方。行走在三里屯,闻着烧烤的香气,看着落日的余晖一点点被建筑吞噬,这些都是生动的体验。我喜欢这种感觉,也想在这里呈现一种行人文化。


那么三里屯SOHO的设计理念是什么呢?


三里屯SOHO的设计目的并不是要建一座摩天大楼,而是几座小楼的联合体。这里与东京的典型大楼不同,东京的建筑大多是以一座高楼为主体进行设计建造的。三里屯SOHO项目的核心是要打造一个集合性社区。我在日本的老师就常使用这种集合形式。当时,高大的独栋楼宇是现代建筑运动的代表。但在我的老师看来,现代主义应该是人行走在地面上的体验。我认为他的理论今天依旧适用,特别是那些需要节省材料、合理布局的有机建筑。


你对年轻建筑师有什么建议?


对建筑系学生来说,我认为最重要的是,要多旅行和多去各种地方看一看。我学建筑的时候,就和朋友一起走过了许多地方。我在学生时期印象最深刻的就是撒哈拉沙漠之旅。在撒哈拉的经历与我在东京的生活是如此天差地别,彼时我才开始发现世界的多样性。旅途见闻和各种经历都将有利于建筑系学生继续深入学习和日后的实践。所以,见识新地方、认识新朋友十分重要。当然更重要的是,要学会如何与来自其他文化背景的人交流。


如果你有机会选择在任何一个城市设计或翻新任何一家酒店,那是怎样的状况?


我喜欢有历史底蕴的城市。成都就非常漂亮。当然我也很乐意在纽约做点什么,那里也很有趣。我喜欢在中国设计项目是因为这里的每个城市都有各自不同的特点和文化。每到一处新的地方,我就会发现当地一些有趣的历史,同时也为我的新项目提供了灵感。

 

 

 

 

 

 


三里屯SOHO位于北京朝阳区,由5个购物中心和9幢不同高度的写字楼和公寓楼组成


Sanlitun SOHO is located in the Chaoyang District of Beijing and is comprised of five shopping malls and nine office and apartment buildings of varying heights.

 

 


Kengo Kuma is a world renowned Japanese architect known for 21st century influence on traditional architecture. He was born in Yokohama, Japan in 1954. After graduating from the University of Tokyo in 1979, he moved to New York and studied at Colombia University eventually earning himself a Ph.D in Architecture. In 1990 he established his own firm, Kengo Kuma & Associates, which now has offices internationally in France, China and Japan. Over the course of his career he was won numerous architectural awards. In 1997 Kuma won the Architectural Institute of Japan Award and recently in 2012 The Restaurant and Bar Design award for the best international space.


Everybody in Beijing knows about your work, you’re probably one of the most famous architects in this city, if not this country. Why do you think that’s the case?


I think I am very lucky. “Bamboo House” was my first project. The character of it was very different from the normal architectural houses in Beijing. As for the material and design, it was opposite from the normal Beijing style. After Bamboo House, I worked on the Sanlitun project and the Opposite House. I found a walkable plaza to use, which was also very different from a normal Beijing commercial project. A normal project in Beijing doesn’t usually use the outside space and the theme of our design was outside space. This makes the designs very unique.


This is the most interesting public space in the city, the south village especially, plus Opposite House. It’s an interesting place for people to meet, but it’s strange in a way because Beijing is not a very nice place to be outside.


From the beginning of this project I was told from the client that the Beijing crime was very bad, the winter was very cold, and pollution was very bad. However, I proposed to them that even in that kind of condition, for a design in the 21st century, we should use outside space as much as we can. It is more ecological and even in the winter people want to walk outside. Walking in Sanlitun is an experience, even in the winter. The smell of BBQ and the sun coming down from the shops makes a very active experience and I wanted to bring that pedestrian design to a new big development. I love this kind of experience and I believe that through this we can keep pedestrian culture.

 

So what about your influence for Sanlitun Soho?


The plan for Sanlitun Soho was not to build one skyscraper, but to divide it into some small towers. This is different from the Tokyo style towers because in Tokyo, designs are based on one big tower. The philosophy for the Sanlitun Soho project was that it is a community project. The project is based on a collective form design. My professor in Japan, who was also my mentor, used collective form. At the time, the big single towers were the leading modern movement in architecture. My professor’s take on modernism was that it is more about the experience on the ground. I think his theory is still very effective and especially for these developments as a more organic development.


Could you give some advice to young architects?


I think the most important thing for students is to travel and to see lots of places. When I was studying architecture, I made lots of trips with my friends. My best experience as a student was when I traveled to the Sahara desert. The Sahara was so different from my life in Tokyo, I started to find the diversity of the world. To have that kind of experience as a student can help afterward and if you start practicing architecture and go far it can be hard. It is important to see new places, meet new people, and most importantly, learn how to communicate with other cultures.


If you could design or renovate any hotel, in any city, what would the project be like?

I like cities with history. Chengdu is beautiful. Of course, I would love to work on something in New York as well because it is very interesting. I love to design for China because each city has a different character and culture. Whenever I go to a new place I find something interesting about the history of the place which gives me inspiration for new projects.

【 已有 0 位网友发表了看法,点击查看

相关新闻

网友评论

我也评两句

 昵称(最多十五个汉字)
验证码: